The world has witnessed tremendous scientific revolution in the last decade. Without a shade of doubt, it is through effective communication and transportation facilities, that majority of the globe has experienced a better lifestyle in this lifetime.
In all these, IoT has played a crucial role that is undeniably impactful. So, let us explore the qualities of Internet of Things layer by layer in this write up.
IoT is an advantageous system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and technical machines and some more that are addressed with exclusive identifiers. This help in transferring data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
IoT is that technological capsule that has resolved majority of the issues that the robotics show concern for. So, let us just explore how IoT works.
It all starts with the process of Data Ingestion.The devices/ sensors of IoT manage to collect data from the environment. It is not necessary that the data has to be huge and complex. Many a times it can be as simple as recording the fluctuations in the temperature or humidity. The degree of heat that is present in a physical object or the coolness that is appropriate for that object could also be detected. Several different types of sensors are utilized for the successful and accurate detection of temperature. At times data could be complex too like a full video feed. It has been an observation that IoT devices breed almost 5 quintillion bytes of data per day. This is huge! In order to keep the data from getting wobbled up, it is sent to ‘cloud’. There it is minutely analyzed and then channelized to level up the required areas of a business. The power of advantageous data generated by IoT has simply revised the entire world through technological solutions. To protect sensitive data from being misused, protocols like Bluetooth, Sig Fox, LoRa, NB-IoT, ZigBee, COAP, REST, DDS, MQTT, XMPP etc. are put to work to ensure top most data security.
Next comes the Data Transmission phase. In this segment, the ever important data is transmitted to the cloud via gateways…which are also known as telemetry devices. Data transmission helps in faster data collection, information becomes readily available to those who require it the most, reduces hardware costs and several more. It is through the effective utilization of both cellular and satellite communication that gateways use, that the successful transmission of data takes place.
After Data Transmission, comes the Data Processing phase. In this level, the data gets processed through IoT platforms, once it is shifted to the cloud. Several people think that it is a complex process but it could be as simple as checking if the estimated temperature is within the acceptable range or not. When it comes to the more complicated aspects, it performs equally well. Example: The utilization of computer vision on video for the identification of crucial objects.
After this the data reaches the Data Visualization process. By providing real time alerts to the end user, the processed data is made more effective and useful. All that is required from the user, is an active application (Interface), having the potential to fetch him/her the e-mail, text or notification that could be attended instantly on the system. One can make intelligent business decisions based on the insights and predictions generated from the received data.
Data Analysis and Prediction
At last the data comes to that platform that is tagged as the Data Analysis and Prediction stage. The multitasking data analytics make sure to bring the maximum out of the historical data, with the intention to provide the end user with actionable insights. This is processed by focusing on the collected data over a specified time period. The future is unpredictable, but a little bit of understanding could be achieved by predicting the events that have high chances to occur. If an example is to be focused on, the data analysis of machinery could chart out the possibilities of its malfunctioning. This way, precautions could be taken before hand and if in the case of no solution for the existing machinery, the budget to invest in a fresh model of machinery could easily be drafted by the management head.
The advantages of IoT
- Digitizes industrial operations
- Simplifies management
- Boosts quality control
- Enhances offline safety and security
- Monitors production flow
- Optimizes packaging, logistics and supply chain management
- Promotes shorter feedback loops and responsive services
- Decodes customer behavior
- Simplifies planning, directing, controlling and execution of business operations and more!
Be it any industry, the Oil & Gas, Transportation, Healthcare, Hospitality or something else – IoT has managed to cement the cracks through which the businesses used to lose out on profits despite of having the best of strategies to beat the competition with prominent influence!